But it seems to me that the only way memory works in conscious or active learning is if we put it into processing memory. I doubt short-term memory can just write to long-term memory. This is why, to try and remember, we repeat things to ourselves. Or perhaps short-term memory just blends into long-term memory, and long-term learning is simply over-learning into the same memory.
Now I have to work on breaking down processing memory into parts that might be useful for thinking about second language learning--such as 'phonological memory', and why that proves problematic for second language learners.